The Aguada Central Jail, also known as the Aguada Jail, is a prison located in São João, Goa, India. It was built by the Portuguese in the 17th century and was used as a colonial prison for over 400 years. The jail is famous for its unique architecture, which features cells arranged in a circular pattern around a central courtyard.
During the Portuguese rule, the prison was used to detain political prisoners and those who were considered a threat to the colonial government. After India gained independence in 1947, the jail continued to be used as a prison until it was finally decommissioned in the late 20th century.
In recent years, the Aguada Central Jail has become a tourist attraction and a popular spot for visitors to learn about the history of the Portuguese colonial rule in Goa. Despite its dark past, the jail has been beautifully restored and now serves as a cultural center, offering tours, exhibitions, and cultural events.
The exact designer of the Aguada Central Jail is not known. The prison was built by the Portuguese colonial government in the 17th century, and the design was likely created by Portuguese architects and engineers of the time. The unique circular design of the jail, with cells arranged around a central courtyard, was a departure from the traditional linear prison designs of the period and reflects the innovative and creative thinking of the designers.